This post marks the start of a new blog series, one that focuses on Project Roles. Early each term in my Project Management classes at the University of Arizona, I discuss each role and its associated function. Later on, each project team must give a presentation, briefing the class and me on their Charters, which includes identification of key stakeholders. Invariably in many presentations, the Client and I are both identified as “Sponsors.”
This is an easy mistake to make as in general usage – outside of the Project Management environment — the terms are so alike. However, I started to think about how it would be useful to discuss each role in more detail.
The table below summaries the most common roles on a project, loosely grouped by organizational tier:
Notice I do not include all stakeholders in the above table. As defined in the 5th edition of the Project Management Institute’s (PMI) Project Management Body of Knowledge, a stakeholder is “An individual, group, or organization who may affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision, activity, or outcome of a project” (p. 563). For example, on a highway renovation project, stakeholders include everyone who drives on it (End Users) as well as the businesses that line each side of the road. Although the business owners may not use the highway to get to their workplace, they are certainly stakeholders in the project because the reconstruction will certainly impact customer access to their establishments.
However, this series will not include discuss the role of impacted stakeholders – just those individuals who are directly connected to the project. So, next time, let’s start at the top with the Steering Team.
See you then!